Climate change and environment issues have an unquestionably close link to human rights. As Taiwan is located in a region especially sensitive to climatic change, directly addressing the relationship between climate change, environmental issues, and human rights is all the more pressing. This alternative reply is a joint submission from Wild at Heart Legal Defense Association, Taiwan, an environmental law group with a focus on environmental and social sustainability, and Taiwan Rural Front (TRF), an organization which works on issues of land justice, ecological sustainability, agricultural development, and conditions for farmers. We believe that both the Taiwanese government’s Initial Report to the ICCPR and ICRSCR show insufficient concern for climate change issues and are furthermore ambiguous with regard to environmental and land conflicts in recent years, which in fact have seriously violated the rights of Taiwanese citizens to life, an adequate standard of living, health, and property, as well as their legal rights to due process and public participation. In our submission, we specify three major areas of neglect: national land-use programs, land expropriation policy, and a lack of transparency obstructing public participation in decision-making process. Through the examination process, we hope that the Taiwanese government will be urged to address these issues with concrete reforms.